Shoulder conditions and treatments

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Shoulder arthritis

Glenohumeral arthritis is arthritis affecting the glenohumeral joint, which is the main ball and socket joint in the shoulder. While there are many...

Shoulder impingement

Subacromial impingement is a collection of symptoms resulting from irritation of the tissues in the subacromial space of the...

Shoulder bursitis

A bursa is a fluid filled sac which is present in various locations around the body. It acts as a cushion between tendons and...

Rotator cuff tears

The rotator cuff is a group of muscles around the shoulder which helps to support and move the arm. The rotator cuff comprises the following...

Frozen shoulder

A frozen shoulder is also known as adhesive capsulitis or intrinsic capsular stiffness. The latter term is preferred by some as the pathology...

Calcific tendonitis

Calcific tendonitis is a condition whereby calcium forms in the tendons around the shoulder. It is not clear why this occurs. The calcium may...

Traumatic instability

In the shoulder, instability describes when the ball of the humerus moves excessively in the socket. This can be a subluxation which is a partial transient...

Atraumatic instability

Atraumatic instability, or multidirectional instability, is a complicated condition whereby the shoulder is unstable in lots of positions. Typically, people...

SLAP tears

The labrum is a ring of tissue that deepens the socket (glenoid) of the shoulder and provides a site of attachment of the long head of biceps...

Labral tears

The labrum is a ring of tissue that deepens the socket (glenoid) of the shoulder and provides a site of attachment of the long head of biceps...

Biceps tendonitis

The biceps muscle is a muscle in the front of the upper arm. It has two attachments near the shoulder. The one at the front is where the short...

Long head of biceps (LHB) rupture

The biceps muscle is a muscle in the front of the upper arm. It has two attachments near the shoulder. The one at the front is where the short...

Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) arthritis

The acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) is the joint formed by the clavicle (collar bone) and the acromion (the top of the shoulder and part of the...

Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) disruption

Acromioclavicluar disruption usually occurs following a fall onto an outstretched hand, with the force travelling up the arm, or alternatively...

Lateral clavicle osteolysis

Lateral clavicle osteolysis is also called weightlifters shoulder. It is a painful condition that affects the outer part of the...

Clavicle fractures

The clavicle (collar bone) is a common bone to break (fracture). The vast majority of fractures heal without the need for...

Humerus fractures

The humerus (upper arm bone) can break (fracture) following a fall or from a direct impact. The vast majority of these fractures heal without...

Pectoralis major ruptures

The pectoralis major (“pec”) muscle is a fan shaped muscle at the front of the shoulder and chest. It has various attachments to the skeleton, running...